The path toward being a programmer is more than just knowing how to code. It also entails the use of critical thinking skills to solve problems. Having a solid understanding of a certain language must be coupled with a firm grasp of the objective to be met. You must likewise be able to communicate with others properly. This is due to the need to constantly interact with others whether with clients or team members in order to complete the desired output.
Choosing the type of programming language will depend on your interests. The popular choices in the past were Fortran, Cobol, and Basic. These were considered as the more formative languages. Since then, a wide array of programming languages has been created. They can be loosely classified under imperative (procedural), functional, logical, or object-oriented programming. While a seasoned professional can be more selective in his choice, a beginner might want to establish a good understanding of the basic programming languages first. These are only recommendations and aren't meant to restrict the possibilities.
The first programming language is not quite new, though it is still very useful to learn. In fact, it is already over forty years old. It is however, one of the most fundamental languages that any programmer should have a solid understanding of. This can be classified as an imperative (procedural) language. C basically instructs the computer how to do tasks, with lines of code that acts like a recipe for performing a specific action. Because it is a static kind of typing, its lines are checked before running a program. There are more opportunities to debug the code before it is actually used.
Attempts have been made to recreate this language but to no avail. It might be a bit difficult to learn at the beginning, but it will help instill the discipline and patience required to write efficient code. C is the foundation from which other programming languages have been created.
It might be hard to exclude Java in a shortlist of modern programming languages to use. Some regard it as the Cobol of the 21st century. This is classified as an object-oriented style of coding and one of the heavyweights in that respect. It tends to be verbose and usually requires more lines to create the same thing. Java makes it possible to have different programmers come in and write specific parts of code. It is a very practical language to learn because it can be made to run on almost any operating system. As the saying goes: “Write once, use anywhere." Java can be utilized for websites, mobile or tablet apps, and desktop applications.
An understanding of a fundamental language such as C and the practicality of Java can be complemented with the flexibility of Ruby. It is a great way to code because of its simplicity and relative ease in completing tasks. Ruby does not have the strictness in coding as compared to Java. The former is a powerful Web development tool and is effective as a high-level object-oriented language.
Websites such as Twitter and Groupon have been developed using Ruby. Its use of blocks makes it possible to create units within a program. This language is made even more dynamic when coupled with functional programming. In sum, Ruby gives programmers the freedom to develop powerful code that expresses their creativity on an elegant platform.